Adat, Islam, and Dakwah Movement in Bayan, North Lombok

Erni Budiwanti

Abstract


Of the three millions Lombok population the Bayanese cover around 5,000 people, who have embedded Islam since 16th century ago. Despite their adherence to Islam, they still bold very strongly the adat (custom) to worship divine ancestors and various guardian spirits. This bas instigated dakwah (missionary) movement led by Tuan Guru (teacher) and his loyal disciples to purify Islamic ritual that violates the tauhīd (monotheism), They act as the agents of change who want to transform the Bayanese syncretic belief. The mission has put the Bayanese in dilemma. On one hand, it is very sensitive because it attempts to alter the sacred ancestral values which are highly respected. On the other hand, this mission offers free education and ecological project which intends to increase the living standard of local Bayanese

Keywords


adat, Islam, da’wah movement, and Tuan Guru

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Taufik. 1991. Sejarah Umat Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Majelis Ulama Indonesia.

Ali, A. Mukti. 1970. The Spread of Islam in Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Nida

Alibasah, Margaret M. 1990. Folk Tales from Bali and Lombok. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Alisyahbana, Takdir S. 1966. Indonesia: Social and Cultural Revolution. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Amri, UIiI. 2011. Faith-Based Organizations Takes on Climate Change”. Strategic Review the Indonesian Journal of Leadership, Policy and World Affairs. August, Vol 11 Number I, pp. 95-108.

Avonius, Leena. 2004. Reforming Wetu Telu: Islam, Adat, and the Promises of Regionalism in Post-New Order Lombok. Helsinki.

Azra, Azyumardi (2006). Islam in the Indonesian World an Account of lnstitutional Formation. Bandung: Pustakan Muan.

Cederroth, Sven. 1981. The Spell of Ancestors and The Power of Makka: A Sasak Community on Lombok. Sweden: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

Dijk, Cees van. 1984, "Islam and Socio-Political Conflict in Indonesian History”. Social Compass. Vol. 30, No. 1. pp 5-25.

Fox, J.J. 199. “Ziarah Visits to the tombs of the Wali, The founders of Islam on Java”. In M.C. Ricklefs, ed. Islam in Indonesian Context, pp 19-36. Australia: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies Monash Univesity.

Freeman, Albert. 1989. Internal and External Factors of Socio Cultural and Socio Economic Dynamics in Lombok (Nusa Tenggara Barat), Vol 8, Schweiz: Geographisches Institut Abt. Anthropogeographic Universitat Zurich.

Geertz, Clifford. 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.

Hefner, Robert W. 1985. Hindu Javanese: Tengger Tradition and Islam. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Ecklund, Judith Lousie. 1976. “Tradition or Non-Tradition: Adat, Islam, and Local Control on Lombok”. In Gloria Davis, ed. What is Modern Indonesian Culture? pp 249-267 Madison, Winconsin: Ohio University Center for International Studies Southeast Asian Series.

Luzbetak, L.J. 1961. “Toward an Applijed Missionary Anthropology". Athropological Quarterly 34: 165-178.

Mandelbaum, JK. 1989. The Missionary as a Cultural Interpreter. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc.

Nanda, Serena. 1991. Cultural Anthropology. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Nu'man, Abdul Hayyi and Shafari Asy'ari. 1988. Nahdlatul Wathan Organisasi Pendidikan, Sosial dan Dakwah lslamiyah. Pancor-Lombok Timur: Pengurus Daerah Nahdatul Wathan Lombok Timur.

Oosterwal, Goottfried. 1978. “Introduction: Missionaries and Anthropologist”. In James A. Boutilier, eds. Mission, Church, and Sect in Oceania, pp 31 -34. Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania No 6, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Pinadi. 2010. Metode Dakwah Da’i Pesantren Nurul Hakim di Desabayan Beleq di Dusun Dasan Tutul, Kecamatan Bayan, Kabupaten Lombok Utara. Skripsi Sarjana. Kediri Lombok Barat: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah (STIT) Nurul Hakim Program Studi Pendidikan Agama Islam Jurusan Tarbiyah.

Polak Albert. 1973. “Some Aspect of a Process of Change in an Indonesian Community”. In Tropical Man, E.J. Brill, Leiden.




DOI: 10.31291/hn.v2i1.103

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

lantai 18, Puslitbang Lektur, Khazanah Keagamaan dan Manajemen Organisasi
Jalan M.H. Thamrin No.6, Menteng, RT.2/RW.1, Kb. Sirih, Menteng,
Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10340
Tlp/Fax: (021) 3920718
Handphone: +6281299366151
E-mail: heritage@kemenag.go.id


View My Stats
Flag CounterCreative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

© All rights reserved 2015. Heritage of Nusantara, ISSN: 2303-243X, e-ISSN: 2442-9031